Odynophagia is nothing but a medical term given to the condition characterized by painful swallowing or pain on swallowing. Odynophagia treatment is not definitive.
There is no single treatment plan, as there can be a number of reasons that may cause pain while swallowing.
The protocol of treatment for Odynophagia depends on its cause. Treating the cause usually gets rid of the symptoms of pain on swallowing.
Below we have given a list of treatment options that may be followed by your doctor to treat odynophagia.
Odynophagia Treatment Options Depending On The Cause
As we have mentioned earlier, there may be ‘n’ number of causes for odynophagia.
You can read from here about causes for pain on swallowing
It is better you read the article about the causes of odynophagia first before looking at the treatment options for Odynophagia.
Treatment for Odynophagia Caused Due to Infections
Depending on the condition, treatment may vary. Antibiotics are the first line of drugs for most bacterial infections. However, these are mostly useless in the treatment of viral infections, where most probably the go-to drugs are antivirals.
Treatment for Strep Throat
Most commonly prescribed drugs for the treatment of Strep throat are penicillin or amoxicillin (Amoxil).
Treatment for Pharyngitis
Most Pharyngitis conditions are caused by viral infections. The treatment for viral Pharyngitis is mostly symptomatic. Some doctors may prescribe anti-inflammatory and antipyretic drugs to treat the symptoms of fever and the swelling in lymph nodes.
Otherwise, viral Pharyngitis is usually self-limiting.
Pharyngitis may also be caused by bacterial infections like whooping-cough and Diptheria.
Diphtheria can be categorized as a serious condition and needs emergency treatment. The treatment for Diptheria consists of antitoxin injections followed by antibiotic prophylaxis.
A whooping cough may be treated using Erythromycin.
Treatment for Tonsillitis
If tonsillitis is caused by bacteria, antibiotic prophylaxis will be given. Tonsillitis caused by viral infections is self-healing.
If the Tonsillitis is recurrent or persistent or if the enlarged tonsils are obstructing the upper airways, Tonsillectomy may be required.
Epiglottitis can be a life-threatening condition, which is treated depending on its cause. It may be caused by bacterial or viral infections or trauma.
The first thing the doctors do, especially in children, is making sure that the airway isn’t obstructed and the child can breathe easily.
Later if the cause is bacterial antibiotics will be prescribed. Broad spectrum antibiotics are the drugs of choice in this condition.
Treatment for Gum Infections
Gum infections are usually caused as a result of bad oral hygiene. So in most cases, dental scaling and prophylaxis followed by antibiotic course should relieve the infections.
Treatment for Herpes Simplex Infection
The treatment for herpes simplex infections is usually symptomatic. Famvir, Zovirax, and Valtrex are the treatment of choice for symptomatic relief.
Treatment for Candidiasis (oral thrush)
Treatment consists of administration of antifungal medications. These may be prescribed in the form of lozenges, tablets, or a liquid.
Treatment for Odynophagia Caused in Tooth Abscess/Infections
The primary line of treatment in such cases includes treating the tooth abscess itself and restoring the tooth. This in most cases will resolve the problem.
Treatment of Odynophagia Caused Due To Oesophageal problems
The main line of treatment for Esophagitis may include the administration of antacids, H-2-receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitors, steroids and even surgery in some cases.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Treatment
The treatment for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease is similar to the Esophagitis treatment. Antacids, inhibition of gastric juice secretion, and sometimes surgery is the way to go.
Esophageal Ulcers Treatment
Dietary and lifestyle changes are very important in these conditions. If the esophageal ulcers are caused due to acid reflux, antacids, H-2-receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitors may be administered.
In severe cases, surgery may be needed. These surgeries are usually carried out to tighten the Lower Esophageal Sphincter or LES valve which is located near the top of the stomach. Alternatively, a magnetic device may be inserted to help with the function of Lower Esophageal Sphincter.
Treatment for Odynophagia Caused Due To Miscellaneous Reasons
Treatment for Pain On Swelling Caused Due To Mouth Ulcers
You can click the above link to read about the canker sore treatment.
Odynophagia Treatment For The Condition Caused Due To Throat Injury
Throat injury may be classified as an emergency condition depending on the case.
This condition is handled by emergency care health workers who may focus on ensuring the individual is breathing normally and the bleeding (if any) has been brought under control.
Odynophagia in such situations isn’t a primary concern, at least in the early phases. Saving the person’s life is of utmost importance there.
Ones the patient starts recovering from the trauma, Odynophagia condition usually improves. If not, the causes will need to be determined. Surgery may be needed in a few cases.